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A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

SAME DAY TRANSACTION

A transaction that matures on the day the transaction takes place.

SCALPING

A strategy of buying at the bid and selling at the offer as soon as possible.

SDR

Special Drawing Right; an artificial currency unit based upon several national currencies. SDR serves as the official monetary unit of the IMF, and acts as a supplemental reserve for national banking systems.

SECONDARY MARKET

The market in which securities are traded after they are initially offered in the primary market.

SELLING RATE

Rate that a bank is willing to sell foreign currency.

SERIES

All options of the same class which share a common strike price and expiration date.

SETTLEMENT DATE

The date by which an executed transaction must be settled; in currencies it is 2 days while stocks is 3 days.

SETTLEMENT PRICE

The official closing price for a future set by the clearing house at the end of each trading day.

SETTLEMENT RISK

Risk associated with the non-settlement of the transaction by the counter party.

SHARES

Certificates or book entries representing ownership in a corporation or similar entity.

SHORT COVERING

Buying to unwind a short position.

SHORT POSITION

An investor who has sold a currency or an instrument without having covered it.

SHORT-TERM INTEREST RATES

Normally the 90 day rate.

SLIPPAGE

The difference between estimated transactions costs and actual transactions costs. The difference usually represents revisions to price difference or spread and commission costs.

SOFFEX

Swiss Options and Financial Futures Exchange, a fully automated and integrated trading and clearing system.

SPOT

Refers to a transaction for immediate delivery; spot currency transactions have a value date of 2 business days.

SPOT MONTH

The contract month closest to delivery.

SPOT NEXT

The overnight swap from the spot date to the next business day.

SPOT PRICE

The price that a currency is currently trading in the spot market.

SPREAD

The difference between the bid and ask price of a currency; the difference between the price of two related futures contracts.

SQUARE

The buy and sell positions are in balance; no open positions.

SQUAWK BOX

A speaker connected to a phone often used in broker trading desks.

SQUEEZE

A period of tight monetary policy, when interest rates are high and borrowing is difficult.

STAGFLATION

Recession or low growth in conjunction with high inflation rates.

STANDARD

A term referring to certain normal amounts and maturities for dealing.

STANDARD AND POORS

A US firm engaged in assessing the financial health of borrowers. The firm also has generated certain stock indices i.e. S & P 500.

STERILIZATION

Central Bank activity in the domestic money market to reduce the impact on money supply of its intervention activities in the FX market.

STERLING

British pound, otherwise known as Cable.

STOP LOSS ORDER

A market order to buy or sell a certain quantity of a certain currency or security if a specified price (the stop price) is touched.

STRADDLE

The simultaneous purchase/sale of both call and put options for the same currency, exercise/strike price and expiry date.

STRAP

A combination of two calls and one put.

STRIKE PRICE

The price at which an options holder can buy or sell the underlying instrument; the exercise price.

STRIP

A combination of two puts and one call.

SUPPORT LEVELS

When an exchange rate depreciates or appreciates to a level where technical analysis techniques suggest that the currency will rebound or not go below.

SWAP

An exchange of streams of payments over time according to specified terms.

SWAP PRICE

A price as a differential between two dates of the swap.

SWAPTION

An option to enter into a swap contract.

SWIFT

Society for World-wide Interbank Telecommunications is a Belgian based company that provides the global electronic network for settlement of most foreign exchange transactions.

SWISSY

Market slang for Swiss Franc.

SYNTHETICS

The artificial creation of an asset using combinations of other assets; In options, a long call option and a short put option amounts to a synthetic long, or a long put option and a short call option amounts to a synthetic short.

Fund your Account

Trading CFD's or Spot FX carries a high risk to your capital and can result in losses that exceed your deposits. CFDs and Spot FX are leveraged products. Trading CFD's or Spot FX carries a high risk to your capital and can result in losses that exceed your deposits. You should not engage in this form of investing unless you understand the nature of the Transaction you are entering into and the true extent of your exposure to the risk of loss. Your profit and loss will vary according to the extent of the fluctuations in the price of the underlying markets on which the trade is based.